The 21st Century
C. Roger Bleile
INC.- Italian engravers use the suffix “Inc.” after their name
when signing their engravings as an abbreviation for Incisore, meaning
in English “Engraver.”
INCISIONE – Italian: Engraving.
INCISORE – Italian: Engraver
INCISORI – Italian: Engravers.
INCRUSTATION – French: Inlay.
INGLESINA – Italian: English scroll or fine scroll.
Pictured is Inglesina covering the frame of a box lock Ferlib shotgun,
made in Italy.
INLAY – In arms decoration an inlay is usually done with
precious metal, such as gold, silver, or platinum, though
sometimes-soft iron is used to raise the height of the surface for high
relief modeling. In all cases a softer metal is inlaid into a harder
metal. For line inlay (such as for border lines) a channel is cut with
a graver then the channel is undercut or punched in a dovetail manner.
Wire is then placed in the channel then struck with a setting punch
(usually brass) to seat the wire in the channel and cause it to flow
into the dovetail undercut.
When figures are to be inlaid, the outline of the figure is engraved
and the perimeter undercut then the center area is hatched with rows of
undercuts that form “teeth.” Once the inlay area is prepared, the
engraver either inlays wire in parallel strips or cuts out the figure
from sheet stock and punches it into place. After setting, the inlay is
trimmed then shaded or modeled.
Inlays fall into one of the following four general categories: 1.
Raised figure – the inlay is slightly higher than the steel into which
it is inlaid, and is usually modeled or sculpted. 2. Flush figure – the
inlay is flush with the steel and is usually detailed like a bank note
or line engraving. 3. Raised line inlay – the inlaying of precious
metal wire to form border lines or spirals; the wire is left slightly
higher than the surrounding steel. Raised lines are rarely used except
on exhibition pieces, because they are more easily damaged or worn
down. 4. Flush line inlay – The same as raised line inlay except that
the lines are finished flush with the steel.
Pictured are various types of inlay.
INTAGLIO – 1. Incised engraving, as opposed to carving in
relief. 2. Ornamentation with a figure or design sunk below the
surface. 3. A gem, seal, piece of jewelry, or the like, cut with an
incised or sunken design. 4. An incised or countersunk die. 5. A
process in which a design, text, etc., is engraved into the surface of
a plate so that when ink is applied and the excess is wiped off, ink
remains in the grooves and is transferred to paper in printing, as in
engraving or etching or an impression or printing from such a design,
INSIDE WORK – In reference to scrollwork, the “inside work” is
the leaves engraved inside the spirals of the scrolls.
Pictured is English scrollwork on the floorplate of a Roland Watson
shotgun made in Birmingham, England. The arrows indicate the "inside